Firstly, Smurfs are a pseudo ambiguous reference to the United Nations, as made in a 2001 Movie called No Man’s Land about the War in the Balkans, so called because of the fact that all of the Smurfs are white and Blue, are all typecast stereotypes, and generally have no conception of how to solve whatever catastrophe they are involved in, and flail about ineffectually until the Red, White, and Blue Smurf shows up and tells them how to fix it.
There are actually three or four Papa Smurfs, but only one has the power to slap sanctions on Gargamel, ice him out of the global economy, and then invade him, destroy his lab and tear up his flower beds, pay handy smurf to rebuild said flower beds, then blow up said flower beds again and then have Shady Smurf pay a third party contractor to build them again and foot Gargamel with the bill while arming his cat with anti-tank missiles that he bought from the Snorks using a bumper crop of Smurfberries.
I made the following argument in a class paper, actually. This is the condensed, sillier version:
The Smurfs are notable for the fact that the show manages to simultaneously hold both Fascist and Communist, multicultural and racist, ideological overtones.
On the one hand, they all follow a single unitary leader who is the primary judge of their fate, relentlessly intervenes in their personal affairs, solves all of their problems, chastises them for deviations from cultural norms, and assigns them into a rigid system of class identity.
On the other hand, they exist in a class-less society in which a single benevolent and enlightened leader, chosen only for his superior vision of the true order of smurfly society, assigns them work according to their abilities, and thus makes all economic, moral, and political decisions of consequence in society. All smurfs are equally entitled to what they need to survive, and each smurf is given a purpose according to his or her ability.
Smurf society however, is a monoculture, in which only members of the Smurf Race are treated equally in the community, and intense outgroup pressure is applied against external elements. The world is a happy place, but all catastrophes are caused by external factors that can only be defeated by the total unification of effort of the Smurfen, and that any deviation from true smurfly values is an invitation of calamity. When Handy smurf slacks off, the dam breaks and the village is flooded. When Farmy smurf substitutes fertilizer stocks to save money, the entire village becomes ill. When Brainy smurf publishes pamphlets on his illicit press that Papa Smurf told him to get rid of, Smurfs get the impression that they can start charging other smurfs money for things, which is why Brainy Smurf disappears that one time in Episode 24.
But the Smurf society is also tolerant and accepting, even multicultural. Each smurf is given broad tolerance to express themselves according to their talents, so long as their actions don’t endanger the village. Brainy smurf is allowed to make endless suggestions and rules, so long as the work is done. Smurfette is given free license to dress as she pleases.
In these competing theories of the philosophy and ideology of the Smurfs, we also see a fairly pure expression of the sub-text meta of the Hegelian Dialectic, specifically its breakdown. The one unifying factor in all theses in these dialectic considerations is Papa Smurf, who in the context of the series, is the embodiment of the state.
On the one hand, Papa Smurf is thus the benevolent yet stern lawmaker, the planner, the thinker.
On the other, he is the embodiment of Smurf Values, values not held by any other race of character in the show, who are principally, coincidentally, happen to be an untrustworthy furry mammal and a codgery, greedy old man with a large nose. All other characters that are not Smurfs are some variation of well meaning but misguided souls who don’t understand how things work in Smurf village, and must ultimately be brought to moral correctness by the Smurfs. Papa Smurf is thus the judge, the arbiter, the correcter, and the moral center as an expression of the ideal Smurf.
Thus, Papa Smurf is both Hitler and Stalin, simultaneously.
There’s also a side discussion as to the notion that the only original woman in Smurf Village is in fact a creation of the source of all evil in Smurf World (Gargamel). But she is also eventually a primary redemptive catalyst for morality in the show - she realizes that she needs to become a real smurf by adhering to Smurf values.
Thus, the Smurfs is both simultaneously sexist and feminist.
The reality behind these magical powers of ideological flexibility and their soaring creative lengths may also have to do with the fact that its a Children’s Cartoon, with an extremely flat plot structure, a cast of characters that hasn’t really changed since 1959, and that it has been seen by several hundred million people ages 4-9 for about 70 years in dozens of languages.
Or it could also be a deeper dialectic commentary on the fact that all of human history is actually an expression of some deeper argument between competing ideas, and that each culture and place in time thus seizes and shapes their conception of the world in a thesis, anti-thesis, and synthesis fashion, and that any cultural artifact of sufficient longevity will see itself appropriated to both sides of any argument, given sufficient time and LSD.
Instead, I think we should focus on the true heretics and enemies of the people, as seen in this poster: